Treatment and Prevention of Osteoporosis

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Osteoporosis treatment and prevention | Avant Ortho

What is the Definition of Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a medical condition that causes weak and brittle bones, as it reduces bone mass and changes their structure or strength. This condition may even weaken bones to the extent that even minor stressors such as a cough or bumping into an object can cause fractures. Adding on, osteoporosis often progresses silently without any symptoms, with individuals being unaware of their worsening bone health until a fracture occurs.

What are the Treatments for Osteoporosis?


Discussing spine x-ray

A range of different medications is used to treat Osteoporosis.


Bisphosphonates are a class of medications commonly prescribed to treat osteoporosis. They work by inhibiting bone resorption, which helps maintain bone density and reduce the risk of fractures. Some well-known bisphosphonates include alendronate, risedronate, and ibandronate. These medications are usually taken orally, as an injection or, in some cases, administered intravenously.

Denosumab is a medication that works by inhibiting bone resorption. It is administered via injection and can be an alternative for those who cannot tolerate or do not respond well to bisphosphonates. It also reduces the risk of fractures by improving bone density.

Supplements may be taken alongside medications or any other prescribed treatments by your healthcare provider.

Calcium is crucial in the prevention of brittle bones and is absorbed from a good diet, as well as natural sunlight. The majority of calcium absorbed goes towards the bones and teeth, which assist in maintaining their density and strength, while the rest goes to the rest of the body.

Food groups that provide a high amount of calcium include:

  • Dairy
  • Leafy green vegetables
  • Canned salmon or sardines
  • Beverages fortified with calcium

However, if you have an insufficient calcium intake, your medical provider may suggest having calcium supplements.

Close Up Hand Holding Pills | Avant Orthopaedics
Vitamin D aids in calcium absorption, making it a vital nutrient for bone health and preventing brittle bones. This vitamin can be obtained by being exposed to natural sunlight and incorporating certain food groups into your diet, such as:

  • Fatty fish
  • Egg yolks
  • Cod liver oil
  • Cheese

Your healthcare provider can determine whether you need vitamin D supplements based on your dietary intake and individual requirements.

If you notice any of these signs, we recommend reaching out to our specialists at Avant Orthopaedics for proper diagnosis and treatment.

How Can You Prevent Osteoporosis?

Taking steps to reduce the risk of developing knee pain and preserving their condition is essential. Here are some

Eat a healthy diet to prevent Osteoporosis | Avant Orthopaedics

You can keep your bones healthy through diet by having the minimal intake recommendation for Vitamin D and Calcium. However, this does not mean that certain food groups must be favoured above others, as other nutrients such as protein, potassium, and magnesium can also contribute towards preventing weak bones

You can modify your home environment with fall prevention in mind. The first step is to identify and remove tripping hazards, such as loose rugs, clutter, and clearing blockages in the living space. Then ensure proper lighting at entryways, stairways, and hallways, to reduce the risk of missteps as well as falls. You may also want to consider adding handrails in bathrooms and stairs, for maintaining balance along with improving safety.

For individuals at a high risk of falls, assistive devices like canes or walkers can provide stability and reduce the likelihood of accidents.

A bone density test can determine whether you have osteoporosis or are at risk for developing it. It is carried out by using X-rays to measure the amount of calcium and bone minerals contained in a specific segment of your bones. The most common areas for these screenings to be carried out are in the hip, spine, and forearm. These screenings can assess your bone health and guide preventive measures and treatment if needed.

What are the Risk Factors of Osteoporosis?

Taking steps to reduce the risk of developing knee pain and preserving their condition is essential. Here are some

Low Body Weight Osteoporosis | Avant Orthopaedics

Having a low body weight or a low Body Mass Index (BMI) can elevate your risk of osteoporosis. You can prevent this by avoiding diets that promote themselves as ultra-low calorie or exclude entire food groups, as a balanced and healthy diet is crucial in preventing brittle bones.

Genetic Osteoporosis

A family history of osteoporosis or fractures can increase your risk because genetics play a role in determining bone density and structure. If close relatives have experienced osteoporosis or fracture.

Lack of regular weight-bearing exercises and physical activity can weaken bones. You don’t have to engage in strenuous activities, as exercises such as walking, jogging, and weightlifting can stimulate bone remodelling and strengthen bones. Just like our muscles, bones can strengthen with constant training as well as weaken with disuse.

Heavy alcohol consumption can negatively impact bone health by interfering with calcium and Vitamin D absorption, impairing bone formation. It can also decrease estrogen and may lead to irregular periods, along with bone loss. Further worsening the problem, having too much alcohol also kills bone-making cells named osteoblasts.

Are You or Your Loved Ones At Risk of Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a condition that can easily go undetected, and early detection can improve treatment outcomes. Whether you or your loved ones are facing this condition, feel free to book an appointment with us at Avant Orthopaedics, and we will provide you with a personalized consultation.

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