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Treatment and Prevention of Patellar Tendinitis

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What is Patellar Tendinitis?

Patellar tendinitis is an inflammation that affects the tendon that connects your patella (kneecap) to your shinbone. This condition is commonly seen in athletes who participate in sports that require frequent jumping and landing, such as basketball and volleyball, causing it to also be known as jumper’s knee. It can lead to your tendon weakening, and progress to tears if left untreated.

Patellar Tendinitis Treatments | Avant Orthopaedics

What Are The Treatments Available For Patellar Tendinitis?

What Are the Non-Surgical Treatments Available?

A physiotherapist can assess your condition and create a personalised exercise programme to improve the strength and flexibility of the muscles around your knee. These exercises may include stretching to improve flexibility, as well as strengthening exercises for the quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles. This treatment aims to reduce pain, improve your range of motion, and minimise the risk of recurrent patellar tendinitis.

This is a simple technique when it comes to reducing pain and inflammation. It stands for:

 

  • Rest

Your doctor may ask you to stay away from activities that may aggravate your affected knee. This could also include modifying activities to accommodate your condition to prevent your injury from worsening.

  • Ice

An ice pack can be placed on the knee in intervals of 20 minutes to slow down inflammation and alleviate swelling. Remember to never place ice directly on your skin as it can lead to frostbite, along with other cold injuries.

  • Compression

Applying an elastic wrap or bandage around the knee can limit the buildup of fluid and reduce swelling. Be careful to not wrap it too tightly. This may lead to a lack of blood flow to the area and cause swelling below it too. If you are unsure of how to properly apply a compression bandage, you should speak with your doctor for advice on how to do so.

  • Elevation

Elevation is used to direct the flow of fluid away from the affected part of your knee to reduce swelling. You can do this through the use of cushions and pillows. However, if your swelling is severe, or if elevation does not provide relief, seek medical attention for further evaluation and treatment.

Painkillers and NSAIDs are commonly prescribed to alleviate pain and swelling in the affected area. These are often prescribed alongside other treatments such as physiotherapy, RICE, and activity modification. Additionally, while these medications may be available over the counter, you should discuss with your doctor if you want them included in your treatment plan.

A knee strap or brace are often worn just below the kneecap and are used to support the affected tendon. If you need to participate in activities that may put pressure on the tendon, these devices can help reduce discomfort and lower the risk of further injury. However, you should speak with your doctor before using them as improper use may lead to further complications.

What are the Surgical Treatments Available?

This surgery is performed to repair a partially or completely torn patellar tendon. During the procedure, which is usually done by open technique or arthroscopically, the torn tendon will be attached to the kneecap or tibia through the use of sutures.

Debridement is performed when there is significant inflammation and thickening of the patellar tendon. During the procedure, damaged or inflamed tissue will be removed from the tendon to  reduce pain and improve function. Depending on the severity of the condition, It may be performed through arthroscopy or an open incision.

Conditions That May Be Confused for Patellar Tendinitis | Avant Orthopaedics

Are You or a Loved One Struggling with Patellar Tendinitis?

If you go without seeking medical attention for too long, patellar tendinitis can affect your quality of life. As the condition worsens, basic tasks can gradually become challenging. Therefore, if you suspect that you or a loved one is suffering from this condition, contact us at Avant Orthopaedics today to receive a consultation and learn about the treatments available.

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