Symptom, Causes and Diagnosis of Foot & Ankle

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Sad Young Sportsman Sitting Isolated Have Painful Feelings | Avan t Orthopaedics

What are the Symptoms of Foot and Ankle Pain?

Foot and ankle pain can manifest in various ways, and the symptoms you experience can vary based on the underlying cause of the pain. Here are some common symptoms.

Proper diagnosis by a healthcare professional is crucial to determine the underlying cause of the pain and to develop an appropriate treatment plan. If you’re experiencing persistent or severe foot and ankle pain, it’s recommended to seek medical attention for an accurate diagnosis and proper management.

What are the Common Causes of Foot and Ankle Pain?

Ankle Sprain Pain | Avant Orthopaedics

This is a common but painful injury that occurs when you twist or bend your ankle awkwardly. There are two types of sprains.

This eversion ankle sprain happens when the foot rolls outward, impacting the outer structures of the ankle. The resulting discomfort mainly affects the lateral aspects of the ankle

An inversion ankle sprain occurs when the foot rolls inward, impacting the inner structures of the ankle. The inner ligaments and structures become the focus of strain and potential injury.
Inversion Ankle Sprain | Avant Orthopaedics

There are also three different grades of severity for ankle sprains.

  • Grade 1

    • A Grade 1 ankle sprain indicates mild ligament stretching. Discomfort is present, but the integrity of the ligaments remains largely intact.
  • Grade 2

    • A Grade 2 sprain signifies more significant ligament involvement. Partial tearing of ligaments becomes evident, accompanied by heightened pain and swelling. The healing process requires more attention and cautious rehabilitation strategies to restore stability.
  • Grade 3

    • A Grade 3 ankle sprain presents complete ligament rupture. The ankle's stability is notably compromised, leading to substantial pain, swelling, and potential joint instability. Resolving this requires an extended recovery period, including comprehensive treatment and rehabilitation.

A stress fracture is a tiny, hairline crack in a bone, often caused by repetitive impact or overuse. Symptoms can range from mild pain and tenderness to discomfort intensifying with activity. It's a gentle reminder that our bones, while strong, require proper care and gradual progression.

Imagine the plantar fascia as a resilient yet sensitive band of tissue running along the bottom of your foot, from the heel to the toes. When this band becomes inflamed due to overuse, improper footwear, or tight calf muscles, it leads to plantar fasciitis. Often characterised by sharp, stabbing pain in the heel or arch, plantar fasciitis can be particularly noticeable when taking those first steps in the morning.

The Achilles tendon, the body's thickest tendon, connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. When this tendon becomes inflamed due to repetitive strain, sudden increases in activity, or improper footwear, Achilles tendinitis sets in. This condition often results in pain, stiffness, and sometimes swelling near the back of the ankle.

How Can the Source of Your Foot and Ankle Pain Be Diagnosed?

Our doctors will use a wide range of methods and medical devices to accurately pinpoint the cause of your discomfort.

Once the source of your foot and ankle pain is diagnosed, a customised treatment plan can be crafted to restore comfort and mobility.

Why You Should Care About Foot and Ankle Health?


Healthy feet and ankles are essential for maintaining balance, especially as we age. Falls are a common cause of injuries in older adults, and weak or unstable feet and ankles can contribute to these accidents.

The alignment of our feet and ankles directly affects our posture. If these structures are not properly aligned, it can lead to imbalances throughout the rest of the body, causing issues such as back pain and poor posture.


Foot and ankle problems can lead to significant pain and discomfort. Conditions like plantar fasciitis, bunions, and ankle sprains can cause chronic pain that hinders our ability to move and enjoy life.

When Should You Seek Professional Help for your Foot & Ankle Pain?

Seeking professional help for foot and ankle issues is crucial when you experience persistent or severe symptoms that impact your daily life. Listed below are some symptoms that warrant immediate medical attention.

Remember, your feet and ankles are crucial to your mobility and overall well-being. Timely assessment and appropriate treatment can prevent further complications and help you maintain optimal foot and ankle health.

Are You or a Loved One Suffering from Foot and Ankle Pain?

If you or a loved one are experiencing foot and ankle pain, it’s important not to ignore it. This condition can impact your quality of life and mobility. Book an appointment with us at Avant Orthopaedics, to have an accurate diagnosis and receive a treatment plan.

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